Caesarean section use is growing at an “alarming” rate, accounting for 21% of births globally in 2015. Caesarean deliveries were only 12% of total child birth in 2000. Availability of healthcare services and increasing child births occurring in health care facilities might be responsible for this higher incidence of caesarean deliveries. Often wealthier women and private hospitals have higher use of caesarean deliveries for child birth.
Incidence of caesarean rates is not uniform in countries or states. In India, incidence varies from state to state and it ranged from 7% to 49%. Paper further says caesarean section is associated with higher prevalence of maternal mortality and maternal morbidity, increased risk of uterine rupture, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, preterm birth and alters the development of the immune system due to changes in hormonal exposure during child birth.
According to the lead author of papers, Marleen Temmerman ; “Pregnancy and labour are normal processes, which occur safely in most cases and advises to only intervene when it is medically required.”
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