We all know Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular disease risk by various mechanisms including reduction of blood pressure, lipids, endothelial dysfunction, glucose, body mass index, and waist circumference as well as by providing increased NO bio-availability, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties .
Researchers found both vegetarian and Mediterranean diet are almost equally effective in reducing body weight, body mass index, and fat mass. Study is published in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation.
107 healthy, overweight participants were included in the study. They were randomly distributed to either a low-calorie vegetarian diet or a low-calorie Mediterranean diet for three months. Vegetarian diet was consisting of dairy and eggs along with fruits and vegetables, legumes [beans], whole grains, nuts, The Mediterranean diet included poultry, fish and some red meat as well as fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grains. Diet was switched within same participant after 3 months.
Researchers found participants on either diet:
Key differences between benefit of both diet were:
The vegetarian diet was more effective in lowering the "bad" cholesterol (LDL: Low density lipoprotein), while greater reduction in triglyceride was noted with the Mediterranean diet.
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